Help: Glossary of Horse Racing Terms

D Daily Double - Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second. Chalk Player Bettor who wagers on favorites. Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. SIDE To win one side and tie the other. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Horse Racing Vocabulary Word List (357)

Horse Betting

Sports Betting Dictionary

Strips of cloth wound around the lower part of a horse's legs for support or protection against injury. A horse with a rear bar to protect an injured foot. It is often worn by horses with quarter cracks or bruised feet. A horse color that varies from a yellow-tan to a bright auburn. The mane, tail and lower portion of the legs are always black, except where white markings are present. A stainless steel, rubber or aluminum bar, attached to the bridle, which fits in the horse's mouth and is one of the means by which a driver exerts guidance and control.

A horse color which is black, including the muzzle, flanks, mane, tail and legs unless white markings are present. A bad step away from the starting gate, usually caused by the track surface breaking away from under a horse's hooves, causing it to duck its head or nearly go to his knees. A horse that is racing on the rail and is surrounded by other horses in front, outside and behind it. A horse that is boxed in is held up and unable to gain a clear passage. Almost always done when the horse is a yearling.

When a horse goes offstride. A harness horse competes at either a trot diagonal gait or pace lateral gait. A break occurs when a horse goes offstride and into a gallop. Breakage is generally split between the track and state and in some cases, breeding or other funds, in varying proportions. Often known by the trade names Butazolidin and Butazone. Another term for a program of horse racing.

For example, a person may refer to there being twelve races on the card, which simply means twelve horse races will be staged on that particular day. Such as Fillies, 3-year-olds, non-winners of two races other than maiden or claiming etc. To collect, you must select the winner of two consecutive races.

For example, you must select the winner of the first race and the second race. Wagers must be placed before the first of your two races.

EASED - chart caller's assessment of a horse that is being deliberately slowed by the jockey to prevent injury or harm to the horse. To collect, you must pick the horses that finish first and second in exact order. For example, if you play a exacta, the 4 horse must Win and the 7 horse must Place come in second for you to win the exacta payoff.

Is made to guarantee the outcome of the first two finishers regardless of which horse wins. For example, if you box the 4 and 7 horses and either the 4 or the 7 horse wins and finishes second, you win. It is more drastic than weakened but less drastic than stopped. GAIT - the ways in which a horse can move - walk, trot, canter, gallop, run, etc. Also, to handicap a race, to make selections on the basis of the past performances.

Specifically, an entire male 5 years old or older. Also a horse or pony who accompanies a starter to post. To collect, you must pick the winners of three consecutive races. You must make your selections before the first race of your Pick 3 wager.

To collect, you must pick the winners of four consecutive races. You must make your selections before the first race of your Pick 4 wager. To collect, you must pick the winners of six consecutive races. You must make your selections before the first race of your Pick 6 wager. The Pick 6 wager can offer the largest payoffs in racing.

However, if your horse wins, you only collect the Place payout. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. You collect if your horse finishes first, second or third, but you collect only the Show payout. Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.

Is similar to an exacta and trifecta, except you must pick the horses that finish first, second, third and fourth in exact order. Also figures out and displays payoffs.

Is similar to an exacta, except you must pick the horses that finish first, second, and third in exact order. For example, if you play a trifecta, the 4 horse must Win and the 7 horse must come in second and the 1 horse must come in third. Is made to guarantee the outcome of the first three finishers regardless of which horse wins. For example, if you box the 4, the 7 and 1 horses and either the 4 , 7 or the 1 horse wins, finishes second and third, you win.

When a horse extends himself to the utmost. Used in handling horses around the stable and when not being ridden. Unit used in measuring height of horses from withers to ground. Also, to handicap a race, to make selections on the basis of the past performances. Also one who makes selections based on past performances. Also one who makes selctions based on past performances.

HEAD- A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of his head. Specifically, an entire male 5 years old or older. HUNG- Horse tiring, but holding position. A jumping race over lower fences than steeplechase races.

Also, a sign flashed by officials on tote board on such occasions. JOG- Slow, easy gait. Also a horse or pony who accompanies a starter to post. Also a jockey having a mount. Also to strengthen a horse's legs through exercise. Also distance between horses in a race. LOCK- Slang for a "sure thing" winner. LUG in or out - Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out. Also applied to non-winning rider. MARE- Female horse 5 years old or older.

Also, female of any age who has been bred. MASH- Moist mixture, hot or cold, of grain and other feed given to horses. MINUS POOL- A mutuel pool caused when one horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.

The racing association usually makes up the difference. Also a guard placed over a horse's mouth to prevent him from biting or eating. NECK- Unit of measurement, about the length of a horse's neck; a quarter of a length. Illegal in most jurisdictions. NOD- Lowering of head. Winning in that manner. NOSE- Smallest advantage a horse can win by. In England called a short head. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. In England it is simply called "on," thus a horse " on" is actually at odds of PILL- Small numbered ball drawn to decide post positions.

Running in a position with horses in front and alongside. POLE- Markers at measured distances around the track, marking the distance from the finish.

The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. POST- Starting point or position in starting gate. Total sum bet on a race or even, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool. PROP- Refusing to break with field from gate. Also, when a horse suddenly stops running a full speed by extending his forefeet as "brakes.

In jumping races, balking at the jump. Also, held off the pace. ROAN- Mixture of white and red or brown hairs. ROMP- Running or winning with utmost ease. In steeplechasing, more particularly to teach a horse to jump.

SET- A group of horses working together. Also, put to a drive, or asked to run by a jockey. A row of barns. SHOW- Third position at the finish. Unable to improve position.

SIRE- Father of a horse. Wet on surface with firm bottom. SLOW- Footing that is not fast, between good and heavy. SNUG- Mild restraining hold by rider. The fees can be for nominating, maintaining eligibility, entering and starting, to which the track adds more money to make up the total purse. Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.

STAR- Small patch of white hair on a horse's forehead. Also a credit a horse receives from being forced out of an overcrowded race, giving him priority in future races. Also distance covered after each foot has touched the ground once.

White hairs running part-way down the face. STUD- Male horse used for breeding. Offender denied privileges of racetrack for specified period of time. Also applied to stable gear.