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The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper. Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat. Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.
A wide variety of shots are played, the batsman's repertoire including strokes named according to the style of swing and the direction aimed: The batsman on strike i.
To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run. Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. The decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress, and this is communicated by calling: More than one run can be scored from a single hit: In these cases the batsmen do not need to run.
If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.
Only the striker can score individual runs, but all runs are added to the team's total. Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side.
This is achieved in four ways: Women's cricket was first recorded in Surrey in It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in , and took up its current name in It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, Limited Overs Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.
Each member nation has a national cricket board which regulates cricket matches played in its country, selects the national squad, and organises home and away tours for the national team. The table below lists the ICC full members and their national cricket boards: Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats that can effectively be divided into first-class cricket , limited overs cricket and, historically, single wicket cricket.
The highest standard is Test cricket always written with a capital "T" which is in effect the international version of first-class cricket and is restricted to teams representing the twelve countries that are full members of the ICC see above. Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in the —77 Australian season ; since , most Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Ashes.
The term "first-class", in general usage, is applied to top-level domestic cricket. Test matches are played over five days and first-class over three to four days; in all of these matches, the teams are allotted two innings each and the draw is a valid result.
Limited overs cricket is always scheduled for completion in a single day. There are two types: List A which normally allows fifty overs per team; and Twenty20 in which the teams have twenty overs each. List A was introduced in England in the season as a knockout cup contested by the first-class county clubs.
In , a national league competition was established. The concept was gradually introduced to the other leading cricket countries and the first limited overs international was played in In , the first Cricket World Cup took place in England. Twenty20 is a new variant of limited overs itself with the purpose being to complete the match within about three hours, usually in an evening session.
The first Twenty20 World Championship was held in Limited overs matches cannot be drawn, although a tie is possible and an unfinished match is a "no result".
Single wicket was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries and its matches generally qualify as important. In this form, although each team may have from one to six players, there is only one batsman in at a time and he must face every delivery bowled while his innings lasts. Single wicket has rarely been played since limited overs cricket began. Matches tended to have two innings per team like a full first-class one and they could end in a draw.
Most international matches are played as parts of 'tours', when one nation travels to another for a number of weeks or months, and plays a number of matches of various sorts against the host nation. Sometimes a perpetual trophy is awarded to the winner of the Test series, the most famous of which is The Ashes.
A league competition for Test matches played as part of normal tours, the ICC World Test Championship , has been proposed several times, and is currently planned to begin in First-class cricket in England is played for the most part by the 18 county clubs which contest the County Championship. The concept of a champion county has existed since the 18th century but the official competition was not established until Australia established its national first-class championship in —93 when the Sheffield Shield was introduced.
In Australia, the first-class teams represent the various states. The world's earliest known cricket match was a village cricket meeting in Kent which has been deduced from a court case recording a "cricketing" of "the Weald and the Upland" versus "the Chalk Hill" at Chevening "about thirty years since" i. Inter-parish contests became popular in the first half of the 17th century and continued to develop through the 18th with the first local leagues being founded in the second half of the 19th.
At the grassroots level, local club cricket is essentially an amateur pastime for those involved but still usually involves teams playing in competitions at weekends or in the evening. Schools cricket , first known in southern England in the 17th century, has a similar scenario and both are widely played in the countries where cricket is popular.
Cricket has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the Commonwealth of Nations and elsewhere. It has, for example, influenced the lexicon of these nations, especially the English language, with various phrases such as "that's not cricket" that's unfair , "had a good innings " lived a long life and " sticky wicket ".
It originated as a term for difficult batting conditions in cricket, caused by a damp and soft pitch. James , is often named the best book on any sport, ever written. In the visual arts, notable cricket paintings include Albert Chevallier Tayler 's Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury and Russell Drysdale 's The Cricketers , which has been called "possibly the most famous Australian painting of the 20th century. Cricket has close historical ties with Australian rules football and many players have competed at top levels in both sports.
The Melbourne Football Club was founded the following year, and Wills and three other members codified the first laws of the game. In England, a number of association football clubs owe their origins to cricketers who sought to play football as a means of keeping fit during the winter months.
Derby County was founded as a branch of the Derbyshire County Cricket Club in ;  Aston Villa and Everton were both founded by members of church cricket teams. In the late 19th century, a former cricketer, English-born Henry Chadwick of Brooklyn , New York, was credited with devising the baseball box score  which he adapted from the cricket scorecard for reporting game events. The first box score appeared in an issue of the Clipper. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the sport. For the insect, see Cricket insect. For other uses, see Cricket disambiguation. For other uses, see Cricketer disambiguation. History of cricket to History of cricket — History of cricket to Cricket field , Cricket pitch , Crease cricket , and Wicket.
Innings and Result cricket. Cricket bat and Cricket ball. Two different types of cricket balls , both of the same size: Red balls are used in Test cricket and first-class cricket and some other forms of cricket right.
Cricket clothing and equipment. Umpire cricket , Scoring cricket , and Cricket statistics. Bowling cricket and Dismissal cricket.
Batting cricket , Run cricket , and Extra cricket. List of current first-class cricket teams. List of domestic Twenty20 cricket competitions. Village cricket , Club cricket , and Schools cricket. Many amateurs in first-class cricket were full-time players during the cricket season. Some of the game's greatest players, including W. Grace , held amateur status. The Sports Historian, No. The British Society of Sports History. Archived from the original PDF on 27 November Retrieved 2 May A Weekly Record of the Game.
Retrieved 8 September Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, th edition ed. Retrieved 3 July The Golden Age of Cricket: The first Australian team". National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 30 December Events That Shaped Australia. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack online. Retrieved 2 July Sport and Politics in South Africa.
Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 7 July Lords the Home of Cricket. Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 10 Sep Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 8 July Playfair Cricket Annual 70th edition ed.
Bi-directionality in the Cognitive Sciences: Avenues, Challenges, and Limitations. From Aloha to Zed. Enough to leave you stumped" , The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 March James and the Struggle for a New Society. Retrieved 31 August Retrieved 11 June Dawn of a New World".
Bletchley Park Post Office. A Game of Our Own: The Origins of Australian Football. His Spectacular Rise and Tragic Fall. The History of Australian Rules Football. Author of the first rule-book Chairman of rules committee in first nationwide baseball organization. Computer technology has deepened fans' passion with the game's statistics.
Memories and Dreams Vol. National Baseball Hall of Fame official magazine. Retrieved March 8, The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, A History of Cricket, Volume 1 to At the Sign of the Wicket: Barclays World of Cricket. A Social History of English Cricket. A History of its Growth and Development. The Rough Guide to English Football — A History of Australian Cricket. More Than A Game. Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Nyren, John [First published ]. The Cricketers of my Time.
The Phoenix History of Cricket. Find more about Cricket at Wikipedia's sister projects. Indoor cricket Indoor cricket UK variant. Cricket at multi-sport events. Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport.
NZ have played 3 matches in Mohali None against India. They have defended their total twice. The only time they chased they failed. When they chased in the remaining 5 they have Won 4 and Lost only 1. Generally the pitch behaves 2 ways. In dry seasons its a batting beauty. In winter Somewhere from mid-November to mid-February the games are low-scorers. Its pretty close to November.
I think it will be a match with kind of scoreline. Flashback to Indians scored against Pakistan and were near 8. Pakistan lost the match in the final 10 overs due to a late collapse. So they come to Mohali. India v Australia was the last match happened here.